Publications

Hechavarría, J. C., Beetz, M. J., García-Rosales, F., & Kössl, M., (2020):
Bats distress vocalizations carry fast amplitude modulations that could represent an acoustic correlate of roughness.
Scientific Reports, 10(1), 1-20.

Garcia-Rosales, F., López-Jury, L., González-Palomares, E., Cabral-Calderín, Y., & Hechavarría, J. C., (2020):
Fronto-temporal coupling dynamics during spontaneous activity and auditory processing in the bat Carollia perspicillata.
Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, 14, 14.

Weineck K., García-Rosales F., and Hechavarría JC. (2019):
Fronto-striatal oscillations predict vocal output in bats.
PLOS Biology 18(3): e3000658.

Wetekam J, Reissig C, Hechavarria JC, Kössl M. (2019):
Auditory brainstem responses in the bat Carollia perspicillata: threshold calculation and relation to audiograms based on otoacoustic emission measurement.
Journal of Comparative Physiology A.

López‐Jury L, Mannel A, García‐Rosales F, & Hechavarria JC. (2019):
Modified synaptic dynamics predict neural activity patterns in an auditory field within the frontal cortex.
European Journal of Neuroscience.

García-Rosales F, Röhrig D, Weineck K, Röhm M, Lin Y H, Cabral-Calderin Y, Kössl M, Hechavarria JC. (2019):
Laminar specificity of oscillatory coherence in the auditory cortex.
Brain Structure and Function, 224(8), 2907-2924.

Beetz MJ, Kössl M, Hechavarría JC. (2019):
Adaptations in the call emission pattern of frugivorous bats when orienting under challenging conditions.
J Comp Physiol A.  205: 457. 

García-Rosales F, Beetz MJ, Cabral-Calderin Y, Kössl M, Hechavarria JC, (2018):
Neuronal coding of multiscale temporal features in communication sequences within the bat auditory cortex.
Communications Biology. 20; 1:200. doi: 10.1038/s42003-018-0205-5. eCollection.

J-H Lee, Lewis K M, Moural T W, Kirilenko B, Borgonovo, B, Prange G, Kössl M, Huggenberger S, Kang CH, Hiller M, (2018):
Molecular parallelism in fast-twitch muscle proteins in echolocatin mammals.
Sci.Adv. 2018; 4:eaat9660

Garrido-Charad F, Vega-Zuniga T, Gutiérrez-Ibánez C, Fernandez P, López-Jury L, González-Cabrera C, Karten H J, Luksch H, Marín G J, (2018):
"Shepherd's crook" neurons drive and synchronize the enhancing and suppressive mechanisms of the midbrain stimulus selection network.
PNAS Vol 115 no 32 E7615-E7623

Meza R C, López-Jury L, Canavier C C, Henny P (2018):
Role of the Axon Initial Segment in the Control of Spontaneous Frequency of Nigral Dopaminergic Neurons in Vivo.
J.NSci 38(3):733-744

López-Jury L, Meza R C, Brown M T C, Henny P, Canavier C C (2018):
Morpholigical and Biophysical Determinants of the Intracellular and Extracellular Waveforms in Nigral Dopaminergic Neurons: A Computational Study.
J.NeuroSci 38(38):8295-8310 - 8295

Hechavarría J, Kössl M (2018):
Smart bats click twice.
eLife 7:e36561 

Beetz M J, García-Rosales F, Kössl M, Hechavarría J C, (2018):
Robustness of cortical and subcortcal processing in the presence of natural masking sounds.
Sci.Rep. 8:6863 DOI:10.1038/s41598-018-25241-x

García-Rosales F, Martin L M, Beetz M J, Cabral-Calderin Y, Kössl M, Hechavarría J C, (2018):
Low-Frequency Spike-Field Coherence Is a Fingerprint of Periodicity Coding in the Auditory Cortex.
iScience 9, 47-62

Scherberich J, Hummel J, Schöneich S, Nowotny M (2017):
Functional basis off the sexual dimorphism in the auditory fovea of the duetting bushcricket Ancylecha fenestrata.
Proc. R. Soc. B 284:20171426 http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2017.1426

Schaefer M K, Kössl M, Hechavarria J Cm (2017):
Laminar differences in response to simple and spectro-temporally complex sounds in the primary auditory cortex of ketmine-anesthetized gerbils.
PLOS ONE 12(8):e0182514 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0182514

Cobo-Cuan A, Kössl M, Mora EC (2017):
Hearing diversity in moths confronting a neotropical bat Assemblage.
J Comp Physiol A DOI 10.1007/s00359-017-1170-z

Nowotny M., Kiefer L, Andre D, Febrizius A, Hankeln T, Reuss S (2017):
Hearing Without Neuroglobin
J.NSci. 366:138-148 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2017.10.010

Kössl M, Hchavarría J C (2017):
Die Zeitkarte im Gehirn - Wie Feldermäuse Raum in Zeit übersetzen.
Forschung Frankfurt 1.2017

Beetz M J, Kordes S, García-Rosales F, Kössl M, Hechavarría J C, (2017):
Processing of Natural Echolocation Sequences in the Inferior Colliculus of Seba's Fruit Eating Bat, Carollia perspicillata
eNeuro 4(6) e0314-17.2017 1-20 DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.15.23/ENEURO.0314-17.2017

Hummel J, Kössl M, Nowotny M (2017):
Morpholgical basis for the tonotopic dsign of an insect ear.
JCompNeurol 525:2443-2455 DOI: 10.1002/cne24218

Martin L M, García-Rosales F, Beetz M J, Hechavarría J C, (2017):
Processing of temporally patterned sounds in the auditory cortex of Seba's short-tailed bat, Carollia perspicillata Europ.
J. NSci. 46:2365-2379
DOI:10.1111/ejn.13702



Abstract:

Kiefer, L., Andre, D., Hankeln, T., Reuss, S. und Nowotny, M. (2017):
Neuroglobin is important for the regeneration of auditory processing after acoustic trauma.
40th MidWinter Meeting of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology 

Jäger K, Kössl M (2016):
Corticofugal Modulation of DPOAEs in Gerbils.
Hearing Research 332: 61-72.

Hechavarría JC, Beetz MJ, Macias S, Kössl M. (2016):
Vocal sequences suppress spiking in the bat auditory cortex while evoking concomitant steady-state local field potentials.
Sci Rep. 2016 Dec 15;6:39226. doi: 10.1038/srep39226

Beetz MJ, Hechavarría JC, Kössl M. (2016):
Cortical neurons of bats respond best to echoes from nearest targets when listening to natural biosonar multi-echo streams.
Sci Rep. 2016 Oct 27;6:35991. doi: 10.1038/srep35991.

Macías S, Hechavarría JC. (2016):
Short delays and low pulse amplitudes produce widespread activation in the target-distance processing area of auditory cortex of the mustached bat.
J Acoust Soc Am. 2016 Aug;140(2):917. doi: 10.1121/1.4960547.

Macías S, Hechavarría JC, Kössl M. (2016):
Sharp temporal tuning in the bat auditory midbrain overcomes spectral-temporal trade-off imposed by cochlear mechanics.
Sci Rep. 2016 Jul 4;6:29129. doi: 10.1038/srep29129.

Mihova D, Hechavarría JC (2016):
The electrocardiogram signal of Seba's short-tailed bat, Carollia perspicillata.
J Comp Physiol A. 2016 Jul;202(7):517-26. doi: 10.1007/s00359-016-1098-8. PMID: 27283857

Macías S, Mora EC, Hechavarría JC, Kössl M. (2016):
Echo-level compensation and delay tuning in the auditory cortex of the mustached bat.
Eur J Neurosci. 2016 Jun;43(12):1647-60. doi: 10.1111/ejn.13244. PMID: 27037932

Macías S, Hechavarría JC, Kössl M. (2016):
Temporal encoding precision of bat auditory neurons tuned to target distance deteriorates on the way to the cortex.
J Comp Physiol A. 2016 Mar;202(3):195-202. doi: 10.1007/s00359-016-1067-2. 

Hummel J, Schöneich S, Kössl M, Scherberich J, Hedwig B, Prinz S, Nowotny M. (2016):
Gating of Acoustic Transducer Channels Is Shaped by Biomechanical Filter Processes.
J Neurosci. 36(8):2377-2382.

Beetz MJ, Hechavarría JC, Kössl M (2016):
Temporal tuning in the bat auditory cortex is sharper when studied with natural echolocation sequences.
Sci Rep. 2016 Jun 30;6:29102. doi: 10.1038/srep29102.

Hechavarría JC, Beetz MJ, Macias S, Kössl M. (2016):
Distress vocalization sequences broadcasted by bats carry redundant information.
J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol. 202:503-15.

Steube N, Nowotny M, Pilz PK, Gaese BH. (2016):
Dependence of the Startle Response on Temporal and Spectral Characteristics of Acoustic Modulatory Influences in Rats and Gerbils.
Front Behav Neurosci. 2016 Jun 30;10:133. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2016.00133. eCollection 2016.

Scherberich J, Hummel J, Schöneich S, Nowotny M. (2016):
Auditory fovea in the ear of a duetting katydid shows male-specific adaptation to the female call.
Curr Biol. 26(23):R1222-R1223.



Abstract:

Beetz MJ, Hechavarría JC, Kössl M (2016):
Precise target-distance coding during cortical suppression in echolocating bats.
"Twelfth Congress of the International Society of Neuroethology" (Montevideo, Uruguay, 30th March- 3rd April 2016).

Kiefer L, Schauen A, Abendroth S, Gaese BH, Nowotny M. (2014):
Variation in acoustic overstimulation changes tinnitus characteristics.
Neuroscience. 310: 176-187.

Hummel J, Schöneich S, Hedwig B, Nowotny M. (2014):
Mechanical and electrical tuning in a tonotopical organized ear.
Mechanics of Hearing. Corey D.P. and Karavitaki K.D. (Eds.). World Scientific, Singapore, New Jersey, London, Hong Kong

Nowotny M., Hummel J., Kössl M., Palgath Udajashankar A. (2014):
Mechanical investigations of sound-induced responses in a simple ear.Mechanics of Hearing. Corey D.P. and Karavitaki K.D. (Eds.). World Scientific, Singapore, New Jersey, London, Hong Kong

Kössl M, Hechavarria J, Voss C, Schaefer M, Vater M (2015):
Bat auditory cortex - model for general mammalian auditory computation or special design solution for active time perception?European Journal of Neuroscience 41(5):518-32. doi: 10.1111/ejn.12801.

Macías S, Hernández-Abad A, Hechavarría JC, Kössl M, Mora EC (2015):
Level-tolerant duration selectivity in the auditory cortex of the velvety free-tailed bat Molossus molossus.
Journal of Comparative Physiology A (2015)201:461-471. doi 10.1007/s00359-015-0993-8

Mora EC, Cobo-Cuan A, Macias-Escriva F, Koessl M (2015):
Unexpected dynamic up‑tuning of auditory organs in day‑flying moths.
J Comp Physiol A. doi 10.1007/s00359-015-1009-4

Schaefer M, Hechavarria JC, Koessl M (2015):
Quantification of mid and late evoked sinks in laminar current source density profiles of columns in the primary auditory cortex. frontiers.
Neural Circuits.doi: 10.3389/fncir.2015.00052



Abstracts:

Scherberich J, Hummel J, Nowotny M (2015):
Gender differences in the hearing organ of the bushcricket Ancylecha fenestrata.
“Eleventh Göttingen Meeting of the German Neuroscience Society" (Göttingen, Germany, 18.-21. March 2015).

Hummel J, Schöneich S, Hedwig B, Kössl M, Nowotny M (2015):
Mechanical and electrical tuning in the auditory system of bushcrickets.
“38th MidWinter Meeting of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology" (Baltimore, MD, USA, 21.-25. February 2015).

Hummel J, Schöneich S, Hedwig B, Kössl M, Nowotny M (2015):
Auditory tuning in an insect ear.
“Eleventh Göttingen Meeting of the German Neuroscience Society" (Göttingen, Germany, 18.-21. March 2015).

Beetz MJ, Hechavarría JC, Kössl M (2015):
About how cortical neurons of bats cope with fast echolocation sequences: Multi-electrode and single-electrode recordings with natural echolocation stimuli.
“Eleventh Göttingen Meeting of the German Neuroscience Society" (Göttingen, Germany, 18.-21. March 2015).

Hummel J., Wolf K., Kössl M., Nowotny M. (2014):
Processing of simple and complex acoustic signals in a tonotopically organized ear.
Proc Biol Sci. 281(1796): 20141872.

Hechavarria JC, Kössl M (2014):
Footprints of inhibition in the response of cortical delay-tuned neurons of bats.
Journal of Neurophysiology 111:1703-1716.

Kössl M, Hechavarria JC, Voss C, Macias S, Mora EC, Vater M (2014):
Neural maps for target range in the auditory cortex of echolocating bats.
Current Opinion in Neurobiology 24:68-75.

Macias S, Hechavarria JC, Cobo A, Mora EC (2014):
Narrow sound pressure level tuning in the auditory cortex of the bats Molossus molossus and Macrotus waterhousii.
Hearing Research 309:36-43.

Mora EC, Fernández Y, Hechavarría J, Pérez M (2014):
Tone-deaf ears in moths may limit the acoustic detection of two-tone bats.
Brain Behavior and Evolution 83(4): 275-85.

Palgath Udajashankar A., Kössl M., Nowotny M. (2014):
Traveling wave energy is lateralized in the hearing organ of bushcrickets.
Plos One 9(1): e86090.

Möckel D., Nowotny M., Kössl M. (2014):
Mechanical basis of otoacoustic emissions in tympanal hearing organs.
J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol. 200(7):681-691. 

Stumpner A., Nowotny M. (2014):
Neural processing in the bushcricket auditory pathway.
Topics of Acoustic Communication in Insects. Hedwig B (Ed.) Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg. Volume 1, 2014, pp 143-166. 

Klein C., von der Behrens W., Gaese B. H. (2014):
Simulus-Specific Adaptation in Field Potentials and neuronal Responses to Frequency-Modulated Tones in the primary Auditory Cortex.
Brain Topogr (2014) 27:599-610 DOI 10.1007/s10548-014-0376-4

Kugler K., Wiegrebe L., Grothe B., Kössl M., Gürkov R., Krause E., Drexl M. (2014):
Low-frequency sound affects active micromechanics in the human inner ear.
R. Soc. open sci. 1:140166. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsos.140166



Abstracts:

Schlenther D., Voss C., Kössl M. (2014):
Influence of Ketamine-Xylazine Anaesthesia on Cubic and Quadratic High-Frequency Distortion-Product Otoacoustic Emissions.
JARO 15:695-705 

Hummel J, Schöneich S, Hedwig B, Kössl M, Nowotny M (2014):
Mechanical and electrical tuning in a tonotopically organized insect ear.
“12th International Workshop in Mechanics of Hearing" (Cape Sounio, Greece, 23.-29. June 2014).

Hummel J, Schöneich S, Hedwig B, Kössl M, Nowotny M (2014):
Auditory tuning in an insext ear.
“Eleventh Göttingen Meeting of the German Neuroscience Society" (Göttingen, Germany, 18.-21. March 2015).

Nowotny M, Hummel J, Kössl M, Palghat Udayashankar A (2014):
Mechanical Investigations of Sound-Induced Responses in a Simple Ear.
“12th International Workshop in Mechanics of Hearing" (Cape Sounio, Greece, 23.-29. June 2014).

Mora E C; Cobo-Cuan A; Macías F; Pérez M; Nowotny M; Kössl M. (2013):
Mechanical tuning of the moth ear: distortion-product otoacoustic emissions and tympanal vibrations.
J Exp Biol.216:3863-3872.

Mora EC, Macías S, Hechavarría JC, Vater M, Kössl M. (2013):
Evolution of the heteroharmonic strategy for target-range computation in the echolocation of Mormoopidae. 
Front Physiol. 2013;4:141. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2013.00141.

Hechavarría JC, Macías S, Vater M, Voss C, Mora EC, Kössl M. (2013):
Blurry topography for precise target-distance computations in the auditory cortex of echolocating bats.
Nat Commun. 2013, doi: 10.1038/ncomms3587.

Macías S, Hechavarría JC, Kössl M, Mora EC. (2013):
Neurons in the inferior colliculus of the mustached bat are tuned both to echo-delay and sound duration.
Neuroreport. 2013 Mar 12. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 23492868 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] Related citations

Hechavarría J.C., Macías S, Vater M, Mora EC, Kössl M. (2013):
Evolution of neuronal mechanisms for echolocation: specializations for target-range computation in bats of the genus Pteronotus.
J Acoust Soc Am. 2013 Jan;133(1):570-8. doi: 10.1121/1.4768794. PMID: 23297928 [PubMed - in process]

Macías S, Mora EC, Hechavarría J.C., Kössl M.(2013):
Properties of echo delay-tuning receptive fields in the inferior colliculus of the mustached bat.
Hear Res. 2012 Apr;286(1-2):1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.heares.2012.02.013. Epub 2012 Mar 15. PMID: 22446180 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Altmann C. F., Gaese B. H. (2013):
Representationof frequency-modulated souds in the human brain.
Hear. Res. 307 (2014) 74-85


Abstract:

Riegel A.-K., Gaese B. (2013):
Rat auditory cortical functioning and different aspects of performance in frequency discrimination tasks.
10th Göttingen Meeting of the German Neuroscience Society: T18-2B

Betz S., Gaese B. (2013):
Regularity-dependent changes in stimulus-specific adaptation in the auditory cortex.
10th Göttingen Meeting of the German Neuroscience Society: T18-1B

Möckel D, Kössl M and Nowotny M (2013):
Mechanical two-tone-distortions in the tympanum motion of locusts.
10th Göttingen Meeting of the German Neuroscience Society: T17-3A.

Möckel D, Kössl M and Nowotny M (2013):
Mechanical two-tone-distortions in the movement of the tympanal membrane of insects.
36th Midwinter Meeting of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology: 166.

Hummel J, Kössl M, Nowotny M (2013):
Mechanical and neuronal processing of frequencies contained in the conspecific song of Mecopoda elongata.
(“Invertebrate Sound and Vibration Meeting 2013", Glasgow, UK, 22.-26. July 2013).

Möckel, D.; Lang, J.; Kössl, M. Nowotny, M. (2012):
Temperature-dependence of DPOAEs in tympanal organs.
J Exp Bio, 

Kössl, M.; Voss, C.; Mora, E.C.; Macias, S.; Foeller, E.; Vater, M. (2012):
Auditory cortex of newborn bats is prewired for echolocation.
Nat Commun. 3:773.

Palghat Udayashankar A.; Kössl M.; Nowotny M. (2012):
In-vivo measurements of tonotopically ordered traveling waves.
PLoS One.7(2): e31008.

Macías, S.; Mora, E.C.; Hechavarría, Julio C. ;Kössl, M. (2012):
Properties of echo delay-tuning receptive fields in the inferior colliculus of the mustached bat.
Hear. Res. 286

Althen, H., Wittekindt, A., Gaese, B. H., Kössl, M., and Abel, C. (2012):
Effect of contralateral pure tone stimulation on distortion emissions suggests a frequency specific functioning of the efferent cochlear control.
J. Neurophysiol
. 107:1962-1969

Hagemann, C.; Vater, M.; Kössl, M. (2011):
Comparison of properties of cortical echo delay-tuning in the short-tailed fruit bat and the mustached bat.
J Comp Physiol A 197:605-613.

Hummel, J.; Kössl, M.; Nowotny, M. (2011):
Sound-induced tympanal membrane motion in bushcrickets and its relationship to sensory output.
J Exp Biol 
214:3596-3604.

Möckel, D.; Seyfarth, E.A.; Kössl, M. (2011):
Otoacoustic emissions in bushcricket ears: general characteristics and the influence of the neuroactive insecticide pymetrozine.
J Comp Physiol A 197:193-202.

Vater, M.; Kössl, M. (2011):
Comparative aspects of cochlear functional organization in mammals.
Hearing Research 273:89-99.

Macías, S.; Mora, E.C.; Hechavarría, J.C.; Kössl, M. (2011):
Duration tuning in the inferior colliculus of the mustached bat.
J Neurophysiol

Hechavarría, J.C.; Cobo, A.T.; Fernández, Y.; Macías, S.; Kössl, M.; Mora, E.C. (2011):
Sound evoked oscillation and paradoxical latency shift in the inferior colliculus neurons of the big fruit-eating bat,Artibeus jamaicensis.
J Comp Physiol A 
197: 11591172

Bäuerle, P.; von der Behrens, W.; Kössl, M.; Gaese, B. (2011):
Stimulus-specific adaptation in the gerbil primary auditory thalamus is the result of a fast frequency-specific habituation and is regulated by the corticofugal system.
J Neuroscience31(26):9708-9722.

Altmann, C.F., Klein, K., Heinemann, L.V., Wibral, M., Gaese, B.H. and Kaiser, J. (2011):
Repetition of complex frequency-modulated sweeps enhances neuromagnetic responses in the human auditory cortex.
Hear. Res. (available online: doi:10.1016/j.heares.2011.07.008

Lenz, J., Fiedler, W., Caprano, T., Friedrichs, W., Gaese, B.H., Wikelski, M. and Böhning-Gaese, K (2011):
Seed-dispersal distributions by trumpeter hornbills in fragmented landscapes.
Proc. R. Soc. B. 278: 2257-2264.

Nowotny M.; Gummer A.W. (2011):
Vibration responses of the organ of Corti and the tectorial membrane to electrical stimulation.
J. Acoust. Soc. Am. Volume 130, pp. 3852-3872.
 

Abstracts:

Voss C., Kössl M. (2011):
Postnatal development of delay-sensitive neurons in the auditory cortex of the short-tailed fruit bat.
9th Göttingen Meeting of the German Neuroscience Society: T18-6C

Schlenther D., Voss C., Kössl M. (2011):
Cubic and quadratic distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) in awake and anesthetized short-tailed fruit bats.
9th Göttingen Meeting of the German Neuroscience Society: T17-6A

Nowotny M., Remus M., Kössl M., Gaese B. (2011):
Trauma-induced tinnitus in gerbils centers around the induction frequency.
Santi PA (ed.) Abstracts of the 34th Annual Midwinter Research Meeting., Association for Research in Otolaryngology.# 188

Hummel J., Kössl M., Nowotny M. (2011):
Does the auditory nerve activity reflect the tympanal membrane motion in bushcrickets?
8th Göttingen Meeting of the German Neuroscience Society. # T17-8A.

Lang J., Kössl M., Nowotny M. (2011):
Temperature dependence of DPOAEs in grasshoppers.
8th Göttingen Meeting of the German Neuroscience Society. # T17-2C.

Remus M., Gaese B., Kössl M., Nowotny M. (2011):
Trauma-induced tinnitus in gerbils centers around the induction frequency.
8th Göttingen Meeting of the German Neuroscience Society. # T17-8C.

Udajashankar A.P., Kössl M., Nowotny M. (2011):
Auditory mechanics of bushcrickets in-vivo.
8th Göttingen Meeting of the German Neuroscience Society. # T17-4A.

Vater, M.; Föller, E.; Mora, E.C.; Coro, F.; Russell, I.J.; Kössl, M. (2010):
Postnatal maturation of primary auditory  cortex in the mustached bat, Pteronotus parnellii.
J Neurophysiol, Feb 2010; doi:10.1152/jn.00517.2009

Hagemann, C.; Esser, K.H.; Kössl, M.(2010):
A chronotopically organized target distance map in the auditory cortex of the Short-tailed Fruit Bat.
J Neurophysiol 103: 222-333.

Hagemann, C.; Vater, M.; Kössl, M.; (2010):
Comparison of properties of cortical echo delay-tuning in the short-tailed fruit bat and the mustached bat.
J Comp Physiol A, online first: DOI 10.1007/s00359-010-0530-8

Nowotny, M.; Hummel, J.; Weber, M.; Möckel, D.; Kössl, M. (2010):
Acoustic-induced motion of the bushcricket (Mecopoda elongata, Tettigoniidae) tympanum.
J Comp Physiol A 196: 939-945.


Abstracts:

Fleischer, M.; Zahnert, T.; Harasztosi, C.; Nowotny, M.; Baumgart, J.; Gummer, A.W. (2010):
OHC Somatic Electromechanical Force Coupled Directly to the IHC Stereocilia.
Assoc Res Otolaryngol Abs: 670.

Martin, T.; Nowotny, M.; Fischer, M. (2010):
New data on tooth replacement in the Late Jurassic docodont mammal Haldanodon expectatus.
70th Anniversary Meeting Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Program and Abs: 130A.

Wolfger von der Behrens, Peter Bäuerle, Manfred Kössl, and Bernhard H. Gaese (2009):
Correlating Stimulus-Specific Adaptation of Cortical Neurons and Local Field Potentials in the Awake Rat.
J. Neurosci. 29: 13837-13849

Gaese, B. H. ; Nowotny, M. ; Pilz, P. K. D. (2009):
Acoustic startle and prepulse inhibition in the Mongolian gerbil.
Physiology & Behavior 98: 460-466.

Abel, C. ; Wittekindt, A. ; Kössl, M. (2009):
Contralateral acoustic stimulation modulates low-frequency biasing of DPOAE - efferent influence on cochlear amplifier operating state?
J Neurophysiol 101 (5): 2362-2371.

Macias, S. ; Mora, E. C. ; Kössl, M. ; Abel, C. ; Foeller, E. (2009):
The auditory cortex of the bat Molossus molossus : Disproportionate search call frequency representation.
Hear Res 250 (1-2): 19-26.

Abel, C. ; Kössl, M.(2009):
Sensitive response to low-frequency cochlear distortion products in the auditory midbrain.
J Neurophysiol 101 (3): 1560-1574.

Wittekindt, A. ; Gaese, B. ; Kössl, M. (2009):
Influence of contralateral acoustic stimulation on the quadratic distortion product f2-f1 in humans.
Hear Res 247 (1): 27-33.

Müller, B.; Glösmann, M.; Peichl, L.; Knop, G.C.; Hagemann, C.; Ammermüller, J. (2009):
Bat Eyes Have Ultraviolet-Sensitive Cone Photoreceptors.
PLoS ONE 4 (7) :e6390

Wittekindt, A. ; Abel, C. ; Kössl, M. (2009):
Shifting the operating point of cochlear amplification? Impact of low frequency biasing and contralateral sound stimulation on DPOAE.
In: Cooper, N.P. and Kemp, D.T. (Eds.): Concepts and Challenges in the Biophysics of Hearing. World Scientific, Singapore, New Jersey, London, Hong Kong: 190-195

Chiaradia C. ; Nowotny, M. ; Gummer A.W. (2009):
OHC induced vibration pattern of the basilar membrane.
In: Cooper N.P. and Kemp D.T. (Eds.): Concepts and Challenges in the Biophysics of Hearing. World Scientific, Singapore, New Jersey, London, Hong Kong: 283-287.Abstracts

Nowotny, M. ; Möckel, D. ; Weber, M. ; Kössl, M. (2009):
Sound induced vibration pattern on the tympanal membranes of the bushcricket Mecopoda elongata.
Proceedings of the 8th Meeting of the German Neuroscience Society: T17-1C.

Althen, H. ; Wittekindt, A. ; Abel, C. ; Gaese, B. ; Kössl, M. (2009):
Contralateral sound alters the f2-f1 distortion product otoacoustic emission - Frequency specificity and impact of primary tone level.
Proceedings of the 8th Meeting of the German Neuroscience Society: T17-4B.

Abel, C. ; Wittekindt, A. ; Kössl, M. (2009):
Effects of contralateral noise stimulation and low frequency biasing on DPOAE? Changing the operating state of cochlear amplification? 
Proceedings of the 8th Meeting of the German Neuroscience Society: T17-8A

Hagemann, C. ; Esser, K.H. ; Kössl, M. (2009):
Delay-sensitive neurons in the auditory cortex of the Phyllostomid bat, Carollia perspicillata.
Proceedings of the 8th Meeting of the German Neuroscience Society: T18-1A

Gaese, B. ; Nowotny, M. ; Pilz, P. K. D. (2009):
Acoustic startle response in the wild-type and domesticated Mongolian gerbil.
Proceedings of the 8th Meeting of the German Neuroscience Society: T18-6B.

Gummer, A.W. ; Chiaradia, C. ; Nowotny, M. (2009):
OHC Somatic Electromechanical Force Coupled Directly to the IHC Stereocilia.
Assoc Res Otolaryngol Abs: 256.

Hagemann, C. ; Esser, K.H. ; Kössl, M. (2009):
Chronotopic organization in the auditory cortex of the FM bat Carollia perspicillata .
Assoc Res Otolaryngol Abs 145: 392.

Kössl, M. ; Hagemann, C. ; Foeller, E. ; Mora, E. ; Macias, S. ; Vater, M. (2009):
Cortical delay-tuning in young mustached bats.
Assoc Res Otolaryngol Abs 296: 658

Kössl, M. ; Möckel, D. ; Weber, M. ; Seyfarth, E.-A. (2008):
Otoacoustic emissions from insect ears: evidence of active hearing?
J Comp Physiol A 194: 597-609.

Strausfeld, N. J. ; Seyfarth, E.-A. (2008):
Johann Flögel (1834-1918) and the birth of comparative insect neuroanatomy and brain nomenclature.
Arthropod Struct Dev 37: 434-441.

Eckrich, T. ; Foeller, E. ; Stuermer, I. W. ; Gaese, B. ; Kössl, M. (2008):
Strain-dependence of age-related cochlear hearing loss in wild and domesticated Mongolian gerbils.
Hear Res 235 (1-2): 72-79.

Kössl, M. ; Möckel, D. ; Weber, M. ; Seyfarth, E.-A. (2008):
Schallemissionen aus Insektenohren: Hinweis auf aktives Hören?
Neuroforum 08 (1): 166-173.

Stollewerk, A.; Seyfarth, E.-A. (2008):
Evolutionary changes in sensory precursor formation in arthropods: embryonic development of leg sensilla in the spider Cupiennius salei. 
Dev Biol 313: 659-673.



Abstracts

Möckel, D. ; Seyfarth, E.-A. ; Kössl, M. (2008):
Sources of otoacoustic emissions from tympanal organs in insects.
FENS Abstr 4: 087.13.

Chiaradia, C. ; Nowotny, M. ; Gummer, A. W. (2008):
Deflection of IHC Stereocilia by OHC Somatic Electromotility.
Assoc Res Otolaryngol Abs: 176.

Eckrich, T. ; Nowotny, M.; Harasztosi, C. ; Scherer, M. ; Gummer, A. W. (2008):
Impedance Measurements of Isolated Outer Hair Cells.
Assoc Res Otolaryngol Abs: 179.

von der Behrens, W. ; Gaese, B.(2008):
Intracortical Auditory Evekod Potentials to Frequency Deviants in an Oddball Paradigm in the Awake Rat Auditory Cortex.
Assoc Res Otolaryngol Abs: 904.

Palghat Udayashankar, A. ; Gummer, A. W. (2008):
On the No-Slip Boundary Condition in the Subtectorial Space.
Assoc Res Otolaryngol Abs: 330.

Zottoli, S. J. ; Cioni, C. ; Seyfarth, E.-A. (2007):
Reticulospinal neurons in anamnionic vertebrates: A celebration of Alberto Stefanelli's contributions to comparative neuroscience.
Brain Res Bull 74: 295-306.

Möckel, D. ; Seyfarth, E.-A. ; Kössl, M. (2007):
The generation of DPOAEs in the locust ear is contingent upon the sensory neurons.
J Comp Physiol A 193: 871-879.

Kössl, M. ; Coro, F ; Seyfarth, E.-A. ; Nässig, W. A. (2007):
Otoacoustic emissions from insect ears having just one auditory neuron.
J Comp Physiol A 193: 909-915.

Marsch, R. ; Foeller, E. ; Rammes, G. ; Bunck, M. ; Kössl, M. ; Holsboer, F. ; Zieglgänsberger, W. ; Landgraf, R. ; Lutz, B. ; Wotjak, C. T. (2007):
Reduced Anxiety, Conditioned Fear, and Hippocampal Long-Term Potentiation in Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid Type 1 Receptor-Deficient Mice.
J Neurosci 27: 832-839.



Abstracts

Möckel, D. ; Seyfarth, E.-A. ; Kössl, M. (2007):
Tympanal sensilla generate DPOAEs in the locust ear.
Neuroforum 07 (1): T18-6B.

von der Behrens, W. ; Kössl, M. ; Gaese, B. (2007):
Neuronal Adaptation to Pure Tone Stimuli in the Awake Rat Auditory Cortex.
Neuroforum 07 (1): T19-13A.

Möckel, D. ; Kössl, M. ; Seyfarth, E.-A. (2007):
Pymetrozine, a neuroactive insecticide, reduces otoacoustic emissions in the bushcricket ear.
10th Meeting Austrian Neuroscience Association (ANA), Seggauberg: P37.

von der Behrens, W. ; Kössl, M. ; Gaese, B. (2007):
Parameters Influencing Neuronal Adaptation to Pure Tone Stimuli in the Awake Rat Auditory Cortex.
Assoc Res Otolaryngol Abs: 405.

Kössl, M. ; Coro, F. (2006):
L1,L2 maps of distortion-product otoacoustic emissions from a moth ear with only two auditory receptor neurons.
JASA 120: 3824-3831.

Macias, S. ; Mora, E. C. ; Coro, F. ; Kössl, M. (2006):
Threshold minima and maxima in the behavioral audiograms of the bats Artibeus jamaicensis and Eptesicus fuscus are not produced by cochlear mechanics.
Hear Res 212 (1-2): 245-250.

Seyfarth, E.-A. (2006):
Julius Bernstein (1839-1917): pioneer neurobiologist and biophysicist.
Biol Cybern 94 (1): 2-8.

Peichl, L. ; Seyfarth, E.-A. (2006):
Vor 100 Jahren: Nobelpreis für Golgi und Ramón y Cajal.
Neuroforum 06 (4): 266-267.

Gaese, B. ; King, I. ; Felsheim, C. ; Ostwald, J. ; von der Behrens, W. (2006):
Discrimination of direction in fast frequency-modulated tones by rats.
J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 7 (1): 48-58.

Nowotny, M.; Gummer, A.W. (2006):
Nanomechanics of the subtectorial space caused by electromechanics of cochlear outer hair cells.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103, 2120-2125.

Nowotny, M.; Gummer, A.W. (2006):
Elektromechanische Transduktion: Einfluss der äußeren Haarsinneszellen auf das Bewegungsmuster des Corti-Organs.
HNO 54, 536-543.

Nowotny, M.; Gummer, A. W. (2006).
What do the OHCs move with their electromotility?
In: Nuttall, A. L.; Ren, T.; Gillespie, P.; Grosh, K.; de Boer, E. (Hrsg.): Auditory Mechanisms: Processes and Models. World Scientific, New Jersey, London, Singapore, Hong Kong, pp. 17?25.

Gummer, A. W.; Nowotny, M.; Scherer, M. P.; Vete?ník, A. (2006):
Pulsating fluid motion and deflecting of the stereocilia of the inner hair cells due to the electromechanics of the outer hair cells.
In: Nuttall, A.. L.; Ren, T.; Gillespie, P.; Grosh, K.; de Boer, E. (Hrsg.): Auditory Mechanisms: Processes and Models. World Scientific, New Jersey, London, Singapore, Hong Kong, pp. 101?102.



Abstracts

Möckel, D. ; Seyfarth, E.-A. ; Kössl, M. (2006):
DPOAEs in the locust depend on the integrity of the sensory organ.
Assoc Res Otolaryngol Abs: 23.

Gaese, B. ; Felsheim, C. ; King, I. ; von der Behrens, W. ; Ostwald, J. (2006):
Efficiency versus precision of adaptive threshold estimation in animal psychoacoustics: Evidence from auditory discrimination in rats.
Assoc Res Otolaryngol Abs: 756.

Döbler, S. ; Föller, E. ; Kössl, M. (2006):
Frequency-specific contralateral influence on DPOAE in the short-tailed fruit bat.
FENS Abstr 3: A 038.4.

Weber, M. ; Baumgarten, D. ; Winter; H. ; Kössl, M. ; Seyfarth, E.-A. (2006):
Active hearing in the bushcricket, Mecopoda elongata .
FENS Abstr 3: A 038.24.

Foeller, E. ; Vater, M. ; Mora, E. ; Coro, F. ; Kössl, M. (2006):
Postnatal maturation of representation of target distance in the auditory cortex of the mustached bat.
FENS Abstr 3: A 180.5

Schützner, P. ; Bäuerle, P. ; Kössl, M. (2006):
Level-dependency of neuronal correlates for auditory streaming in the primary auditory cortex of the Mongolian gerbil.
FENS Abstr 3: A 180.18.

Seyfarth, E.-A. (2006):
Albrecht Bethe (1872-1954): comparative physiologist and eminent neurobiologist.
FENS Abstr 3, A 196.11.

Nowotny, M.; Gummer, A. W. (2006):
Influence of electrically-induced mobility of outer hair cells on the organ of Corti motion.
Assoc Res Otolaryngol Abs: 997.

Wagner, H. ; Gaese, B. (2005):
Can we understand the action of brains in natural environments?
van Hemmen, L. & Sejnowski, T.J. (eds.): 23 Problems in Systems Neuroscience. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Wittekindt, A. ; Drexl, M. ; Kössl, M. (2005):
Cochlear Sensitivity in the lesser spear-nosed bat Phyllostomus discolor.
J Comp Physiol A 191: 31-36.



Abstracts

Loesel, R. ; Strausfeld, N. J. ; Seyfarth, E.-A. ; Agricola, H.-J. (2005):
A 450 million year leitmotif for a locomotor control center in the brain: conserved neuroarchitecture of the central complex of chelicerates and hexapods.
Neuroforum 05 (9 Suppl): 262 A.

Isheim, D. ; Gaese, B. ; Kössl, M. (2005):
Representation of temporally structured acoustic stimuli in gerbil auditory cortical neurons: Influences of repetition rate and sound intensity.
Assoc Res Otolaryngol Abs: 345.

Isheim, D. ; Gaese, B. ; Kössl, M. (2005):
Temporal processing of modulated acoustic stimuli in gerbil primary auditory cortex.
Neuroforum 05 (1 Suppl): 103 A

von der Behrens, W. ; Gaese, B. (2005):
Investigating the influence of spatial attention on the processing of frequency-modulated tones in the rat.
Neuroforum 05 (1 Suppl): 103 B.

Weber, M. ; Kössl, M. ; Volknandt, W. ; Seyfarth, E.-A. (2005):
Acetylcholine is a transmitter candidate in sensory neurons of the bushcricket ear ( Mecopoda elongata ).
Neuroforum 05, (1 Suppl): 94 A.

Foeller, E. ; Mora, E. ; Kössl, M. (2005):
Topographic organization of the auditory cortex of the bat Molossus molossus .
Neuruforum 05 (1 Suppl): 112 A.

Nowotny, M.; Gummer, A. W. (2005):
Outer hair cell induced motion of the organ of Corti: Mechanisms of active amplification.
In: Elsner, N. ; Zimmermann, H. (Hrsg.): The Neurosciences from Basic Research to Therapy. Proceedings of the 30th Göttingen Neurobiology Conference 2005. Stuttgart, Georg Thieme: 98.

Nowotny, M.; Gummer, A. W. (2005):
Influence of electrically-induced somatic mobility of outer hair cells on the basilar membrane motion.
Assoc Res Otolaryngol Abs: 328.

Nowotny, M.; Gummer, A. W. (2005):
OHC-induced motion of the organ of Corti.
Abstract book of the 42nd Workshop on Inner Ear Biology: O11.

Mora, E. C. ; Kössl, M. (2004):
Ambiguities in sound-duration selectivity by neurons in the inferior colliculus of the bat Molossus molossus from Cuba.
J Neurophysiol 91 (5): 2215-2226.

Drexl, M. ; Henke, J. ; Kössl, M. (2004):
Isoflurane increases amplitude and incidence of evoked and spontaneous otoacoustic emissions.
Hear Res 194 (1-2): 135-142.

Mora, E. C. ; Macias, S. ; Vater, M. ; Coro, F. ; Kössl, M. (2004):
Specializations for aerial hawking in the echolocation system of Molossus molossus (Molossidae, Chiroptera).
J Comp Physiol A 190: 561-574.



Abstracts

Nowotny, M.; Zenner, H.-P.; Gummer, A. W. (2004):
Impact of outer hair cell electromotility on organ of Corti vibration ? results from an in situ preparation.
Assoc Res Otolaryngol Abs: 1002.


Vater, M. ; Kössl, M. ; Foeller, E. ; Coro, F. ; Mora, E. ; Russell, I. J.(2003):
Development of echolocation calls in the mustached bat, Pteronotus parnellii.
J Neurophysiol 90 (4): 2274-2290.

Drexl, M. ; Faulstich, M. ; von Stebut, B. ; Radtke-Schuller, S ; Kössl, M. (2003):
Distortion product otoacoustic emissions and auditory evoked potentials in the hedgehog tenrec, Echinops telfairi.
J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 4 (4): 555-564.

Kössl, M. ; Foeller, E. ; Faulstich, M (2003):
Otoacoustic emissions and cochlear mechanisms in echolocationg bats.
In:  Thomas, J. A. ; Moss, C. ; Vater, M. (Hrsg.): Echolocation in bats and dolphins.
Chicago, Univ of Chicago Press: 104-109.

Kössl, M. ; Foeller, E. ; Drexl, M. ; Vater, M. ; Mora, E. ; Coro, F. ; Russell, I. J.(2003):
Postnatal development of cochlear function in the mustached bat, Pteronotus parnellii.
J Neurophysiol 90 (4): 2261-2273.

Drexl, M. ; Kössl, M. (2003):
Sound-evoked efferent effects on cochlear mechanics of the mustached bat.
Hear Res 184 (1-2): 61-74.

Russell, I. J. ; Drexl, M. ; Foeller, E. ; Vater, M. ; Kössl, M. (2003):
Synchronization of a nonlinear oscillator: processing the cf component of the echo-response signal in the cochlea of the mustached bat.
J Neurosci 23 (29): 9508-9518.

Russell, I. J. ; Drexl, M. ; Foeller, E. ; Vater, M. ; Kössl, M. (2003):
The development of a single frequency place in the mammalian cochlea: the cochlear resonance in the mustached bat Pteronotus parnellii. 
J Neurosci 23 (34): 10971-10981.

Vater, M. ; Kössl, M. (2003):
The ears of whales and bats.
In: Thomas, J. A. ; Moss, C. ; Vater, M. (Hrsg.): Echolocation in bats and dolphins.
Chicago, Univ of Chicago Press: 89-99.

Gaese, B. ; Ostwald, J. (2003):
Complexity and temporal dynamics of frequency coding in the awake rat auditory cortex.
Eur J Neurosci 18 (9): 2638-2652.

Scherer, M.P. ; Nowotny, M.; Dalhoff, E. ; Zenner, H.P. ; Gummer, A.W. (2003):
High-frequency vibration of the organ of Corti in vitro.
In: Gummer, A. W. (Hrsg.): Biophysics of the Cochlea: from Molecules to Models. World Scientific, New Jersey, London, Singapore, Hong Kong: 271-277.

Gummer, A. W. ; Nowotny, M.; Scherer, M. P.; Zenner, H.-P.(2003):
Laserinterferometrische Untersuchung des subtectorialen Spaltes der Säugetiercochlea.
HNO 28: 147



Abstracts

Abel, C. ; Plassmann, W. ; Kössl, M. (2003):
Comparison of auditory threshold curves measured with autoacoustic emissions and evoked cochlear potentials in the gerbil.
In: Elsner, N. ; Zimmermann, H. (Hrsg.): The Neurosciences from Basic Research to Therapy. Proceedings of the 29th Göttingen Neurobiology Conference 2003. Stuttgart, Georg Thieme: 427.

Wittekindt, A. ; Drexl, M. ; Kössl, M. (2003): Cochlear sensitivity in the lesser spear-nosed bat, Phyllostomus discolor .
In: Elsner, N. ; Zimmermann, H. (Hrsg.): The Neurosciences from Basic Research to Therapy. Proceedings of the 29th Göttingen Neurobiology Conference 2003. Stuttgart, Georg Thieme: 427.

Nowotny, M.; Zenner, H.-P.; Gummer, A. W. (2003):
The motion of the subtectorial space and its resulting fluid motion in the guinea pig cochlea.
In: Elsner, N. ; Zimmermann, H. (Hrsg.): The Neurosciences from Basic Research to Therapy. Proceedings of the 29th Göttingen Neurobiology Conference 2003. Stuttgart, Georg Thieme: 328.

Nowotny, M.; Scherer, M. P.; Zenner, H.-P.; Gummer, A. W. (2003):
Stimulus induced volume change in the subtectorial space of the organ of Corti.
Assoc Res Otolaryngol Abs: 112.

Nowotny, M.; Zenner, H.-P.; Gummer, A. W. (2003):
Electrically induced motion of the organ of Corti in the guinea-pig cochlea and its possible effect on the response of inner hair cells.
Abstracts 96. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Zoologischen Gesellschaft: P5.

Vater, M. ; Kössl, M. (2002):
Für ein paar Motten mehr.
Spektrum der Wissenschaft (Hrsg.): Gehirn & Geist. Band 4, Heidelberg, Spektrum der Wissenschaft: 76-81.

Pibal, I. ; Drexl, M. ; Kössl, M. (2002):
Level dependence of optimal stimulus level difference for evoking DPOAEs in the gerbil.
Hear Res 174 (1-2): 260-263.

Weissenbacher, P. ; Drexl, M. ; Kössl, M. (2002):
The effect of preceding sonar emission on temporal integration in the bat, Megaderma lyra.
J Comp Physiol A 188: 147-155.

French, A. S. ; Torkkeli, P. H. ; Seyfarth, E.-A. (2002):
From stress and strain to spikes: mechanotransduction in spider slit sensilla.
J Comp Physiol A 188: 739-752.

Panek, I. ; French, A. S. ; Seyfarth, E.-A. ; Sekizawa, S. ; Torkkeli, P. H. (2002):
Peripheral GABAergic inhibition of spider mechanosensory afferents.
Eur J Neurosci 16 (1): 96-104.

Fabian-Fine, R. ; Seyfarth, E.-A. ; Meinertzhagen, I. A.(2002):
Peripheral synaptic contacts at mechanoreceptors in arachnids and crustaceans: morphological and immunocytochemical characteristics.
Microsc Res Tech 58 (4): 283-298.

Seyfarth, E.-A. (2002):
Tactile body raising: neuronal correlates of a 'simple' behavior in spiders.
In: Toft, S. ; Scharff, N. (Hrsg.): European arachnology 2000. (19th European Colloquium of Arachnology Århus 17. - 22.07.2000), Århus, Aarhus University Press: 19-32.

Seyfarth, E.-A. ; Peichl, L. (2002):
Vor 100 Jahren: Julius Bernstein (1839 - 1917) formuliert seine "Membrantheorie".
Neuroforum 02 (4): 274-276.

Gaese, B. ; Wagner, H. (2002):
Precognitive and cognitive elements in sound localization.
Zoology 105 (4): 329-339.



Abstracts

Gummer, A. W.; Scherer, M. P.; Nowotny, M. (2002):
Coupling of electromechanical force into the organ of Corti.
Assoc Res Otolaryngol Abs: 720.

Scherer, M. P.; Nowotny, M.; Gummer, A. W. (2002):
High frequency vibration modes in the organ of Corti.
Assoc Res Otolaryngol Abs: 911.

Coro, F. ; Kössl, M. (2001):
Components of the 2f(1)-f(2) distortion-product otoacoustic emission in a moth.
Hear Res 162 (1-2): 126-133.

Foeller, E. ; Vater, M. ; Kössl, M. (2001):
Laminar analysis of inhibition in the gerbil primary auditory cortex.
J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 2 (3): 279-296.

Höger, U. ; Seyfarth, E.-A. (2001):
Structural correlates of mechanosensory transduction and adaptation in identified neurons of spider slit sensilla.
J Comp Physiol A 187: 727-736.

Buchholtz, E. A. ; Seyfarth, E.-A. (2001):
The study of "fossil brains": Tilly Edinger (1897-1967) and the beginnings of paleoneurology.
BioScience 51: 674-682.

Gaese, B. ; Ostwald. J. (2001):
Anesthesia changes frequency tuning of neurons in the rat primary auditory cortex.
 J Neurophysiol 86 ( 2): 1062-1066.

Gaese, B. (2001):
Population coding in the auditory cortex.
Prog Brain Res 130: 221-230.

Johnen, A. ; Wagner, H. ; Gaese, B. (2001):
Spatial attention modulates sound localization in barn owls.
J Neurophysiol 85 ( 2): 1009-1012.